- What is the nutritional value of different foods?
- What influences you the most in what you eat? Friends? Television? Family patterns? Societal ideals?
How might the diets of your grandparents or great-grandparents differ from yours? Whose diet do you think is/was healthier?
1. What influences you the most in what you eat? Friends? Television? Family patterns? Societal ideals? 2. How might the diets of your grandparents or great-grandparents differ from yours? Whose diet do you think is/was healthier?
- anorexia nervosa:
- an eating disorder involving a psychological loss of appetite, often resulting in self-starvation
- an eating disorder involving binging and purging of food
- the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of a kilogram of water 1deg.C
- an instrument that measures the energy found in food; a closed box containing a kilogram of water, an instrument to burn food, and a thermometer
- sugars and starches made mostly by plants and used by the body as primary sources of quick-energy food
- a group of nutrients found in solid and liquid form that is used as food or stored in the body as a slow-burning energy source
- 20 known nutrients that are found in trace amounts; include magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur
- chief building material of the body, manufacturing muscles, bones, hair, and more; comprised of a variety of amino acids, all of which contain carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen
- essential nutrients that are needed to sustain life; 13 vitamins have been identified: A, C, D, E, K, and eight parts of vitamin B
Overview"You are what you eat." There's a lot of truth to this old cliche. What we eat and how much plays a big role in how healthy we feel. Culture also plays a role in how we feel about our bodies. Although healthy bodies come in a variety of shapes, many Americans hold ideal body images few can match. Teenagers are particularly susceptible to the myth of the perfect body, e.g., a thin body, or a muscle-bound physique. For many teenagers, this is the time of rapid growth, yet the rate of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia for this age group have increased at alarming rates. Understanding basic nutrition and accepting our individual bodies are critical steps to good health. Carbohydrates , fats , proteins , vitamins , and minerals are the basic nutritional building blocks that provide the fuel our bodies need to function and perform. Carbohydrates, such as breads, cereals, and sugar, are our main source of quick energy. Fats, whether solid or liquid, are our primary slow-burning energy sources. Proteins, both complete and incomplete, are the body's chief building materials. Essential vitamins and minerals are also found in many of the foods we eat. Obtaining the right proportion of nutrients is critical to our health. Eating the right number of calories is just as important. Ideally, our caloric intake should equal the total amount of energy our bodies need for growth and repair. Using a calorimeter , nutritionists have calculated the caloric energy of particular foods. This information, and the product's ingredients, are listed on most food packages. Keeping your body healthy is a personal balancing act. The goal is to get the essential nutrients you need, while eating no more calories than your body expends.
ActivityFind out the nutritional value of fast-food. One fast-food meal, heavy in calories and fat, can be balanced by eating other nutritious meals during the day. But, too many fast-food meals can throw your body out of balance. You will figure out the nutritional values of foods to understand the nature of a healthy diet. Materials
- nutrition-information pamphlets from national fast-food restaurants
- graphic of Fast-Food Freddy's cash register
- calculator (optional)
- description or illustration of the food pyramid
- calorie-count information for males and females by age group
- Select some students to collect nutrition information from their favorite fast-food restaurants. Or, refer to the Resources section for books that contain this information.
- Share the cash-register graphic with your students and ask them to order their favorite lunch from Fast-Food Freddy's. Make a list of each order.
- Using the fast-food restaurant's nutrition information, have students determine the approximate number of calories, fat, protein, and carbo-hydrates from their imaginary lunches.
- Review the food pyramid. Which foods should eat the most of on a daily basis? Which foods the least?
- Referring to the fast-food nutrition pamphlets, ask students to reorder their lunch from Freddy's, substituting foods with fewer calories and fats.
- Divide students into groups. Assign each group a popular fast-food restaurant and determine a nutritional meal using the actual nutrition information from that restaurant. Remind students to pay particular attention to the amount of fat and calories for each food item. Have students present their menus to the class and explain their choices.
- Franz, M.J. (1990) Fast food facts: Nutritive and exchange values for
fast-food restaurants. Wayzata, MN: DCI Publishing.
Kane, J.K. (1990) Coping with fad diets. New York: Rosen Publishing.
Natow, A.B., and J. Heslin. (1985) No-nonsense nutrition for kids. New York:
Additional sources of information:
Health Education Services
P.O. Box 7126
Albany, NY 12224
(printed materials and audio tapes: Nutrition for Life)
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Human Nutrition Information Service
6505 Belcrest Road,
Hyattsville, MD 20782
(materials about the food pyramid)
University department of food and nutrition